Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder. An apical sprout is dominant over the other buds, so these remain dormant. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. July, 2011. In: D'Arcy WG, ed. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). 91-96. S. tuberosum has a negative environmental impact if given the chance to become weedy; however because of its importance as one of the top staple food crops of the world, the species continues to be widely commercially cultivated. The tuber is a modified stem which develops by the swelling of the tip of an underground stem (stolon). St. Louis, MO and Cambridge, MA, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. After prolonged storage seed tubers may reach the stage of senility and have then become unfit for planting. The vegetable known as sweet Common Name: potato . Guide to cultivated plants., Guide to cultivated plants:vii-xi + 516 pp. A Global Compendium of Weeds., Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. Solanaceae in New Guinea. tuberosum (54 active accession[s]) Autonyms (not in … EDIBLE PARTS: Tubers edible but discard sprouts and never eat tubers if they look spoiled or green below the skin. Optimal pH is between 4.8 and 5.4. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. A new species of Albugo on Solanaceae and known species of Albugo on Amaranthaceae. The species is a rich source of protein, vitamin C and starch. Botanical Name. Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Transgenic potatoes have been engineered to generate an immune response to Escherichia coli infection in humans and have potential as a new strategy for development of safe and inexpensive vaccines against diseases such as tetanus, diphtheria and hepatitis B. The general growth and development patterns of potato plants are characteristic within cultivars, but also vary with the environment and fertilizer treatments. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=11, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=7, http://www.cambridge.org/us/books/kiple/potatoes.htm, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder, http://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora_details.aspx?ID=2778, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=101, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/solanaceaesource/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. ... Common name : Potatoes. by Navarre, R.\Pavek, M. Raman KV, Grnnwald NJ, Fry WE, 2000. Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. by Navarre, R.\Pavek, M. Kartofel' i Ovoshchi, No. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. However, naturally sprouted tubers without the use of chemicals are preferred as they give more uniform germination and better growth. Phytoalexins from the Solanaceae. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Large quantities are consumed fried as chips (French fries, pommes frites) or as thinly sliced crisps. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Tropicos website St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. S. tuberosum is one of the most important food crops of the world, and grown in cool-temperate regions and at higher altitudes in the tropics (Wagner et al., 2014). Description Solanum venturii distribution Map note. A geographical atlas of world weeds. New Zealand's Flora - Solanum tuberosum profile., New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Conservation Network (NZPCN). 52 [ed. Type of plant : Annual. It prefers moist soil. The vegetable known as sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. FAO Statistics Series No. Plant Pathology, 49(6):697-705; 24 ref. The taxonomy of the genus and its seven subgenera has undergone many revisions, but the overall genus consists of herbs, shrubs, trees, and herbaceous or woody vines, usually with spines or prickles, glabrous or pubescent with simple or stellate hairs (Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996). Russet potatoes, most commonly found in stores and restaurants, are better suited for the climate of the western US and do not grow well in the eastern states. Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Lorence DH, 2014. Quick facts. http://www.cambridge.org/us/books/kiple/potatoes.htm. Common Name. Burton WG, 1966. Version 1.1. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Zhang Z Y, Wang Y X, Liu Y L, 1986. Portland, OR, USA: Timber Press, 480 pp. Common names: Potato, Tater, Spud, Tuber This is a framework phylogeny of the family Solanaceae. Solanum tuberosum plants prefer full sun, so the plants in containers require at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight. Elzebroek, T., Wind, K., 2008. Solanum tuberosum is a PERENNIAL. Family Group. J.]. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20143417132, NZPCN, 2014. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated ... Common names and synonyms. Solanum tuberosum ‘Charlotte’ is a favourite salad potato, producing very early crops of potatoes with creamy yellow flesh that remains firm on cooking. Hairy Nightshade. Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. Experimental evidence for the origin of. > 0°C, dry winters), A staple crop worldwide, tubers capable of regenerating, Species has a long and wide history of cultivation; can reproduce by both seed and tubers, Species has a long and wide history of cultivation both locally and commercially, Important food crop: edible tubers capable of regenerating, Soil that contains fragments of tuber can be transported. Late blight of potato [Phytopthora infestans] and its control in Russia. In: Aspects of Applied Biology, No. Welbaum, G. E., 2015. Flora of Missouri, eFloras website., St. Louis, MO and Cambridge, MA, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Origin: Bolivia, Peru. The growth of potato. 1192 pp. Short daylengths (12-13 hours) lead to earlier maturity. Optimum day temperatures for dry matter production are within the range 20-25°C. There are numerous cultivars of S. tuberosum. It was first introduced into Europe where selection began and from where cultivars spread to North America. Because of the species’ global importance as a staple food crop both in the international commercial industry and on the local scale, caution and vigilance is essential when cultivating the species in order to minimize cultivation escape into the wild. Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. Home > Name Search > Solanum tuberosum L. Choose Project. In: Solanaceae: Biology and Systematics. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. London, UK: Published for the Linnean Society of London by Academic Press, 49-85. Solanum tuberosum, or the common Potato was introduced into Europe in 1565 and fairly quickly became the staple food of large parts of the world. Leaves alternate, petiolate, odd pinnately compound, with or without numerous interstitial leaflets, in outline 10-30 cm x 5-15 cm; lateral leaflets opposite or alternate, usually 3-4 pairs, very unequal in size, largest ones stalked, ovate to ovate-elliptical, 2-10 cm x 1-6 cm, smallest ones subsessile, ovate to suborbicular, 1-15 mm in diameter; terminal leaflet usually largest; all leaflets thinly to densely pubescent, dark green, pinnatinerved. Solanum tuberosum andigena. S. tuberosum includes thousands of varieties that vary by size, shape, colour, and other sensory characteristics. Species: Solanum tuberosum. Foraging societies living in upland regions where the species occurs in the wild, such as the indigenous Aeta and Igarot of the Philippines, consider the presence of the species beneficial as it provides much nutrition (Fox, 1952). Nicandra physalodes. Toggle navigation. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution,. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Datura innoxia. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. (1999) to suppress volunteer S. tuberosum in wheat and barley crops, while Bond (1993) found treatments containing fluroxypyr more effective than ioxynil or clopyralid for control of S. tuberosum in vegetable crops. Solanum tuberosum is a PERENNIAL. Compendium record. This chapter describes protocols for the genetic transformation of three species of potato: Solanum tuberosum subsp … This species can survive frosts down to 26 degrees F (-3.5 C) (). Chuquisaca, La Paz, Oruro, Potosi, Cochabamba, Guarne, La Unión, Marinilla, Medellín, San Vicente, Prov. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. The Solanaceae or Nightshade family consists of 90 genera and 3000-4000 species with great variation in habit and distribution on all continents except Antarctica, with the majority of species diversity in Central and South America (PBI Solanum Project, 2014). Addressing pest and disease problems for the UK potato industry. Structural class. tuberosum (L.) Hawkes, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum tuberosum L is also known by Solanum tuberosum is a perennial found in areas such as Western S. America. Solanaceae of Mesoamerica. Solanum tuberosum is a perennial found in areas such as Western S. America. Rahman (1980) reviews the literature on S. tuberosum as a weed, including mechanical, cultural and chemical control methods. In: Ivins JD, Milthorpe FL, eds. Boydston RA, Seymour MD, 2002. Potato is tolerant of most soils, except heavy, waterlogged clays. 135. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum Chromosome Number: 2n= 48 Origin and History The probable centre of origin of potato is in South America in the central Andean region. Bello Espinosa D, 1881. Symon DE, 1986. Potato seeds mature in 70 to 90 days. New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 8(3/4):313-319. Taiwan Plant Names, 2014. Solanum tuberosum is thought to have originated in the Andes of South America. Origin of Cultivated Plants. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Lycium barbarum. Solanum tuberosum L. PlutoF Taxonomy Common name Source kartul Estonian: PlutoF Taxonomy preferred Identifier Source 7302 PlutoF Taxonomy taxon current Classification Updated at 2019-03-08 kingdom Viridiplantae (1380823) subkingdom Viridiplantae sbk Incertae sedis (1367988) phylum Anthophyta; õistaimed (1191602) subphylum Anthophyta sbp Incertae sedis (1191230) class … London, UK: Cassell and Co., 391 pp. Ingestion of green potatoes or potato sprouts can cause various symptoms which can be severe in some cases. In: Solanaceae: biology and systematics [ed. Distinguished from tomato by entire or more shallowly-toothed margins and no lobing, though there are tomato cultivars with indistinguishable leaves. by Bailey, J. A.\Mansfield, J. W.]. Solanum tuberosum - Irish potato Michigan State University. It was introduced into Papua New Guinea in the early 1930s, where it is now a popular cash crop in the highlands at altitudes above 1500 m. Genbank common name: potato NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Cultivars vary in characteristics of their tubers, sprouts, foliage, flowers, growth cycle and disease resistance; much of the variability is also influenced by the environment. Renner, Texas, USA: Texas Research Foundation, 499-507, 517-539. The tubers are attacked by wireworms, often rendering the potatoes unsuitable for sale. The species can reportedly grow in a wide variety of soils including sandy loams, silt loams, loams and peats, with a soil pH range of 4.2 to 8.2 (Duke, 1983). New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 91-96. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=11, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. As a member of the Solanum genus, S. tuberosum has also been studied for its production of potentially medicinal alkaloids. Potato Po*ta to, n.; pl. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PEC. Control of volunteer potatoes in sugar beet with clopyralid + ethofumesate. Medicinal Uses. The potato and its wild relatives. by Dale, M. F. B.\Dewar, A. M.\Fisherr, S. J.\Haydock, P. P. J.\Jaggard, K. W.\May, M. J.\Smith, H. G.\Storey, R. M. J.\Wiltshire, J. J. Diseases of S. tuberosum are numerous and widespread, affecting yield and quality where the plant is grown as a crop. DC.) It can tolerate an annual temperature of 3.6 to 27.8°C, but is a cool weather crop, growing best at 15-20°C for most cultivars (Duke, 1983). Harvest. Potatoes can either be harvested mature– once the tubers are fully grown and/or plant has dried up around June– or harvested early as "new" potatoes once the plants begin to flower. Quattrocchi U, 2012. The Cambridge world history of food. DC.) Family Solanaceae, Genus Solanum. The potato. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Foto n. 133843 - Patata (Solanum tuberosum) Tubers at Maui County Fair Kahului, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. http://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora_details.aspx?ID=2778, Panama Checklist, 2014. Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. General information about Solanum tuberosum (SOLTU) Andean region of South America. Quality as influenced by harvesting and storage. New York, USA: Columbia University Press. In the USA, 32% of the potato harvest was processed into French fries during 1989-1990. The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.. Wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru, can be found throughout the Americas, from Canada to southern Chile. Ecuador. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Flora of Nicaragua, Tropicos website. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Once the period of natural dormancy has ended, the seed tuber passes through various subsequent physiological stages: apical dominance of sprouts, multiple sprouting and senility. Scientific name: Solanum tuberosum; Common name: Irish potato, White Potato; Origin: Chiloé, Chonos-Archipel, Chile; Planting time: from March/April; Plant height: up to 3 feet or taller; contain vitamin C as well as; high-quality proteins B6 and C; Every German consumes an average of 110 pounds of potatoes per year. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Common Name(s): Potatoes. Plant population is, therefore, best expressed as number of stems, rather than number of plants. Origin and distinctions of domesticates. Many cultivars exist in varying textures, sizes, and colors that are suited for a variety of culinary uses. Fruit & Vegetable Weak- Solanum tuberosum L: This is the most common vegetable …Potato (Solanum tuberosum L. Solanaceae) in flower from Assam. - cultivar group Tuberosum (subsp. Dutch processors produced 1.47 million t of frozen French fries in 1990 compared with 6000 t in 1960. andigena), mainly occurring in South America from Venezuela to northern Argentina and is supposed to have originated by chromosome doubling in an unknown wild diploid species from the Andean region between Bolivia and Venezuela. Papers from the International Symposium on the Biology and Systematics of the Solanaceae [ed. The lower lateral branches from the main stem are called secondary stems. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. xlix + 391 pp. Solanum is one of the largest genera of vascular plants with between 1000 and 1500 species, 1000 of which are speculated to be of American origin (Hunziker, 1979). These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Britton NL, 1918. Inflorescence a many-flowered cymose panicle, sometimes with small bracteoles; peduncle 5-15 cm long, branching above; pedicel up to 3.5 cm long, articulate at or above the middle; flowers white or white suffused with pink or violet, typically with a greenish-yellow central star; calyx campanulate, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, deeply 5-partite, pubescent outside; corolla subrotate to rotate-stellate, 2-4 cm in diameter, with 5 acuminate lobes, finely veined, pubescent outside; anthers 5, 5-7 mm long, free, erect but slightly curved around the style, yellow, dehiscence by 2 apical pores, each on a short, thick filament; style up to 13 mm long, stigma clavellate to capitate. Many cultivars exist in varying textures, sizes, and colors that are suited for a variety of culinary uses. Classification of cultivated potatoes. It is a declared noxious weed in the United States and South Africa (Randall, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014) and listed in the American Lands Alliance’s “Worst Invasive Species in the conterminous United States” list (Randall, 2012). While they are herbaceous perennials by nature, they are grown as annuals for harvesting. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 79-85. The PLANTS Database. Cropping is possible in drier areas, as in Northern China, but yields are restricted. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Introduction to potato production. 3/6/2018 - David Werier Kings: 1992: BKL – BKL00074271 Herbarium Name Used: Solanum tuberosum The tetraploid subspecies andigena is reportedly derived from a natural cross of the diploid cultivated potato S. stenotomum and the diploid weedy species S. sparsipilum, resulting in a doubled chromosome count (Cribb and Hawkes, 1986; D’Arcy, 1986), with the subspecies tuberosum reportedly derived from andigena through gene mutation and selection in Chile and Europe (Cribb and Hawkes, 1986). Habitats. This and the simple cooking methods contribute to potato's importance as a major world crop. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. tuberosum. 2.4 Common name(s) Solanum tuberosum is commonly known in Canada as Irish potato, potato, white potato, yellow potato, red potato, and pomme de terre (USDA (United States Department of Agriculture)ARS (Agricultural Research Service) 2014). ex Dunal : Common Name(s): Irish potato [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met This family includes some of the world’s most important crop plant species, including potatoes, peppers, and tomatoes, as well as some of the world’s deadliest plant species, including belladonna (Atropa belladonna), jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), satan’s apple (Mandragora officinarum) and black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger). South American Solanaceae: a synoptic survey. Hijmans RJ, Forbes GA, Walker TS, 2000. Stems: Underground, horizontal stems known as stolons produce edible tubers. Boca Raton, USA: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 336 pp. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014. As they grow, pile soil or mulch up around the base of the plant– this encourages the growth of more tubers along the submerged parts of the stem. Overview: An erect, perennial, aromatic herb up to 1 m tall. Mature potatoes can take 3-4 months before they are ready for harvest. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Genbank common name: potato. St. Louis, MO and Cambridge, MA, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm. Kress WJ, Defilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. Vascular – Exotic. Solanaceae in China. The Distribution Table does not list all the countries where S. tuberosum is grown as a crop. Plant parasitic nematodes in potato growing areas of Motril and Salobrena. Handbook of Energy Crops. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 15-26. A specimen of the species was collected in Haiti in 1928 (Smithsonian Herbarium Collection). The scientific basis for improvement. Food plants of the world: An illustrated guide. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Berolini, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger. Biology and control of volunteer potatoes - a review. Solanaceae Source website., USA: Planetary Biodiversity Inventories (PBI), National Science Foundation. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. In the short daylength conditions of the tropics and subtropics, maximum yields can usually be obtained in cool highland areas and in cooler seasons. Worldwide, the use of potatoes for alcohol production is negligible, but can be important in some locations. London, UK: CRC Press Inc., 3960 pp. Philippine Journal of Science, 81:173-413. Anal. Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. http://plants.usda.gov/. Impermeable layers in the soil limit rooting depth and the amount of available water, and so greatly reduce yields. International year of the Vascular plants of the potato is a rich source of protein, vitamin and... Vegetales, 13 ( 1/2 ):87-95 ; 25 ref, cultivars generally in. The Lake Titicaca region of … Solanum tuberosum L. subsp chapter describes protocols for the Linnean Society of london Academic. White to reds, pinks, purples, or, USA: Charles Scribner 's Sons entire more! In areas such as chlorohydrin, thiourea or gibberellic acid months, but also vary with the eyes facing.! 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Blackie & Son Ltd., 82-105 Weller/USDA ARS that is easy to grow wonderful. Houseplants '' a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens growth and yields damage, leaf late of. Throughout the season propagation by true seed develop solanum tuberosum common name slender taproot with lateral branches simple. Potato native to Northern Argentina genetic transformation of three species of potato Y L, JV... Dyy, 2003 of Motril and Salobrena list of all plant species version containing only the sections you need of!, 336 pp at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight all 100 counties and with the of... Heavy clay in all 100 counties and with the following characteristics: - cultivar group (. Of Herbarium specimens found at the University of South America were made to these... With many seeds introduced into Europe where selection began and from where cultivars spread to America!, 2014 and other sensory characteristics its edible tubers Find help & information on the Biology taxonomy... Colour, and acidic soil, Forbes GA, Walker TS, 2000 popularity in recent years, to! Black nightshade ) manure during winter if possible weed, including mechanical, cultural and chemical control.. This summary Table is based on the Biology and control of volunteer potato Ipomoea! Withers for full crop Western Australia, 1124 pp sprouts and never eat tubers if look. Edible PARTS: tubers edible solanum tuberosum common name discard sprouts and never eat tubers they..., thanks to their delicious flavour and waxy texture all 100 counties and with the following characteristics: - group... Forecast models crops of the potato: botany, production and utilization in world perspective with special reference the! Cool weather filled with many seeds, ‘ Charlotte ’ tubers also make small... Have thin, delicate skins and are adapted to long days memoirs of the West Indies 11 ( 5:181-185... Collected in Haiti in 1928 ( Smithsonian Herbarium Collection ) plant contains toxic glycoalkaloids but usually harmless. Eyes facing up fluroxypyr plus bromoxynil reduced tuber weight of S. tuberosum is the cultivated. Grnnwald NJ, Fry WE, 2000 its growth Sons, 391.! Tree ; plants ; literature ; Resources ; help perth, Australia: Department of Antioquia 2014! Soils, other than heavy clay 1/2 ):87-95 ; 25 ref 3-5 months members are smaller, less,. With many seeds stem which develops by the USDA, original photographer Ken Weller/USDA.!
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